Digital rights in Latin America.
As of recent, attempts to regulate the implementation of AI have multiplied around the world. While the focus of most initiatives is an ethical approach and can be a starting point, it does not properly satisfy human rights standards. There is a need for specific regulations, particularly in Latin America, where several countries still lack basic safeguards to protect their citizens. Research has also shown an underrepresentation of Latin American perspectives in the ongoing debates around AI and ethics that are driving a large part of the policy discussions. Considering this scenario, Derechos Digitales is developing empirical research to understand how AI is being implemented in the region and its impact on discrimination and the violation of fundamental rights. It aims to inform the development of recommendations to orient national policymaking with evidence from the region and influence international debates from a Global South perspective.
Proper regulatory frameworks and a critical approach to AI in Latin America are key for the advance of any use of these technologies that are respectful of human rights and do not result in new forms of discrimination, which the region cannot afford. Derechos Digitales is working towards this by producing empirical evidence of the potential impact and best practices in order to foster better policymaking in the field. It will produce a set of recommendations, toolkits and capacity building programs based on empirical findings about the implications of the implementation of AI systems by local governments aiming to create established capacities in the public sector to conduct human rights impact assessments at early stages of their design.